Another surprise was the plethora of turtle shells scattered throughout the tomb. According to researchers, the turtles belonged to a kind of funeral feast at the funeral. Unusual was also the collection of body parts of various other animals. These included the skulls of two martens, part of the wing of a golden eagle, tail parts of an aurochs, the forefoot of a wild boar, the pelvis of a leopard and the horn of a gazelle.
The tomb in the Hilazon Tachtit cave in western Galilee is attributed to the time when the people of Israel became sedentary. The transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture took place there more than 12, 000 years ago and also influenced people's social behavior. The discovery of the shaman's grave from this period is one of the earliest indications of the development of spiritual rituals. These were part of a belief system that governed long-term coexistence with people who did not belong to their own family. Later, such grave supplements were an important part of spiritual life worldwide.Leore Grosman (Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel) et al .: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, online pre-publication, DOI: 10.1073 / pnas.0806030105. ddp / science.de? Sonja Römer advertisement