If one hears the term "triumvirate", some may well immediately think of the merger of the three famous Romans Caesar, Pompey and Crassus from 60 BC. Chr. The so-called Second Triumvirate, Marcus Antonius, the later Emperor Augustus and Lepidus on November 27, 43 BC. in Bologna, however, is much less known. In fact, the first triumvirate was not just the first in Roman history, but actually none at all. In order to earn the title triumvirate, it required the institutionalization by the state. Such three-man colleges were in Rome since the beginning of the Republic, the so-called Tresviri were responsible among other things for the coinage. Caesar and his colleagues, however, lacked this legitimacy by the state, but in the political practice but little to book: their purely private connection had enormous political impact. Since they were together so powerful that they could practically rule Rome, they call their alliance triumvirate today. By contrast, the so-called Second Triumvirate rightly bears this name. It had been legitimized by the Roman senate with the task to put the state back in order after the long civil wars. The three, however, did not do justice to the task: Marcus Antonius and the later Emperor Augustus were soon themselves involved in the next civil war, before Augustus, as sole ruler, finally ordered the state permanently.