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On 19 July 64 AD, a fire broke out in the stalls at the Circus in Rome. It quickly spread throughout the area. Attempts to stem the inferno failed. Auxiliaries and fugitives hindered each other, chaos reigned in the narrow and winding streets of Rome. There had already been several fires in Rome, but this one exceeded everything that had previously existed. Only after six days was it possible to contain the fire by tearing down a row of houses and making a swathe into the city. Of the 14 districts of Rome, four were completely burnt down and seven partially burned down. The fire danger in Rome was omnipresent. The mostly wooden houses and the open fire for heating were a dangerous combination. In addition, there was initially no organized fire department. Crassus, who in his day (115-53 BC) was considered the richest man in Rome, was said to have made his fortune in the following ways: If a house burned in Rome, Crassus appeared with his private fire department, bought his homeowner burning house cheap and then started to extinguish. The first organized fire brigade was first used under Emperor Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD). The great fire in 64 AD took advantage of one to his advantage: Emperor Nero was on a part of the vacant space to build a huge palace, the Domus Aurea. However, he also took care of the reconstruction of the city in terms of reducing the risk of fire in the future. The streets were now wider and the houses were preferably built of stone and limited in height. They should be provided with courtyards and with the walls no longer directly adjacent to each other. Rumors that Nero had set the fire in order to build a city according to his ideas, are just as little to prove how the accusation, he blamed the guilt on the Christians. But it was they who had to pay for it with their lives.


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