Manufacturing differences between digital and analog texts
Although only the author himself is involved in the production of the individual e-text in extreme cases, consideration of the differences in production between the various text forms must also take into account the possibilities of reading, ie readers and tablets.
According to Wirtschaftswoche cuts a single book in the production compared to an iPod from Apple significantly better. The consumption of raw materials differs considerably here. However, the transport emissions for the book are generally higher.
Converted the reader is ecologically profitable from the 40th book. This sounds a bit small in the face of the size of your own bookshelf. But if the average reading behavior of Germans is considered, it can be concluded differently. If one assumes an average of one book per month, the reader is only worth the fourth year.
In the production and the extraction of raw materials for a book, the greatest burden on the environment. In addition, greenhouse gases are released during its composting. Here is the manufacturer in particular responsibility. The product design, the choice of bindery, printing and above all the choice of material are influenceable factors.
Nevertheless, paper production and environmental protection can work well, because paper is actually a sustainable resource: it is made of wood, which can grow and even grow. However, paper consumption has risen so rapidly in recent decades that consumers and consumers alike recognize the need for sustainable production.
The reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by 80 percent by the year 2050 is, according to Raab-Verlag, only one of the targets set by the European paper industry. In addition, various new production technologies will reduce water and electricity consumption and clarify wastewater.
In addition, the use of recycled paper is recommended. This ultimately protects the environment in two ways. So not only are less resources consumed for its production, but the old paper does not have to be disposed of first.
Part 1 The competition between print and e-publication
Part 2 Current status E-Publishing
Part 3 Manufacturing differences
Part 4 The book
Part 5 The magazine
Part 6 The daily press and conclusion© science.de