However, dogs rarely made the mistake when the rubber ball had been hidden casually and without the communication signals the first time. In both cases, the wolves searched where the object was actually hidden in front of their eyes? no matter where he had been deposited before. Then the researchers exchanged the person after hiding the item. Another person then deposited the article under the second cloth. Now the dogs were looking for the right place. The babies continued to search behind the first cloth.
What seems to speak against the intelligence of human children is testimony to their high willingness to learn in a social context, explain the scientists. This refers to the ability of babies to remember things that are conveyed by a person who simultaneously transmits nonverbal signals such as eye contact, interpreting or nodding. The babies can also transfer learned content to other situations. With them, the hiding of the ball was not tied to a single person as with the dogs, for which the exchanged scientist was change enough to forget the previously learned. After all, the wolves were not distracted from the people at all: they simply searched where they suspected the object and re-evaluated each situation.
According to the scientists, the behavior of the dogs indicates a new ability of their kind, which they have taken over from humans since their domestication. Like babies, they can establish a connection between clear communication signals and a learning content. Presumably, however, other cognitive processes would take place in dogs and humans, because the dogs did not succeed in transferring one content into similar situations, which is probably the purpose of learning for babies. displayBarbara Bramanti (University of Mainz) et al .: Science (online pre-publication, doi: 10.1126 / science.1176869). ddp-wissenschaft.de - Martina Bisculm