As part of a large-scale health study in Nord-Trøndelag, more than 65, 000 persons aged 20 or over were asked about the state of their respiratory system. Among all smokers with comparable daily cigarette consumption and similar history, significantly more women reported breathing problems such as coughing, difficulty breathing and breath sounds. As with cigarettes, the rate of asthma increased: 10 percent of women who smoked 20 or more cigarettes a day reported asthma symptoms. In men, such a trend could not be determined.
According to the authors of the study, women do not draw more cigarettes than men, but their smaller airways are more exposed to the pollutants when smoking. In general, women and men who smoked reported twice as many respiratory complaints as non-smokers. The longer it was smoked, the sooner the symptoms appeared.Almut Bruschke-Reimer