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Not only pills, relaxation and autogenic training help against mental illness. "The Kallawaya Indians in the highlands of South America have no pills and the time for relaxation certainly not, " says Ina Rösing, cultural anthropologist from Ulm. On the other hand herbs and long village festivals with a lot of dance and music are on the program. With the treatment methods of the Kallawayas in Bolivia and Peru Rösing knows by now well. Finally she studies her life and rituals for 20 years. First, she wanted to know how distant cultures manage to replace the psychiatrist with sacrifices, prayers, and daylong rituals. In preliminary studies in 1983, she learned of the miraculous call of the Kallawaya medicine men and women, who are famous throughout the Andes for their healers. Rösing learned their language, the Quechua, built a mud hut in the village, hauled the water rations in heavy clay jugs daily and laboriously dug potatoes. From the projected research year, five years were spent with the Kallawayas in their village at 3800 meters altitude. The healing rituals, which she got to know, she wrote down later in the ten-volume book series "Trinity and Places of Power" down. In 1994, Ina Rösing set off for the Himalayan regions of Ladakh, where she spent many years researching the healing rituals of Tibetan shamans. The 59-year-old scientist continues to spend a few months each year in the Andes and the Himalayas to continue her comparative studies of the rituals of different cultures.

Hans Groth

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