Feverishly, scientists around the world are working to develop effective ways to treat one of the most common causes of human death: cancer. There are some achievements, but now there is another challenge. A new type of esophageal cancer, called Barrett's carcinoma, is on the rise, especially in the Western world. In Germany, 2 out of every 100, 000 people suffer from the malignant disease every year and 4 in the USA. Bayreuth physician Manfred Stolte warns: "Barrett's carcinoma is currently the fastest growing cancer. The number of new cases is doubling every five years. "Barrett's carcinoma is usually the result of long-lasting and pathological heartburn. This acid regurgitation can cause inflammation of the esophagus. As a result, their mucous membrane is altered abnormally, which can lead to the development of cancer. The researchers still puzzle over the exact causes of the disease. The Mannheim oncologist Jochen Rudi speaks of a tumor of the prosperity society and suspects a connection with the eating habits. He advises eating only small portions, not drinking alcohol late in the evening, and raising his upper body while he sleeps.