Narcissistic and shy personalities are more often dependent on Facebook. Picture: Colourbox
Read More More than 900 million people worldwide have a Facebook account, almost 25 million of them live in Germany. Especially young people often spend several hours a day in the social network. Norwegian researchers have now developed a new tool to determine the degree of dependency. The social network Facebook is now almost as widespread as telephone and television. For some people, the use of the social platform can end in a veritable addiction? but when are you at risk? A Norwegian research team working with Cecilie Schou Andreassen from the University of Bergen has addressed this question. The goal of psychologists was to create a guide, the? Mountains Facebook Addiction Scale? (BFAS).

423 students, including 227 women and 196 men, shared their Facebook usage and participated in a personality test using the five-factor model, as well as a test that focuses on motivation.
Based on the results, the researchers identified six criteria that can be used to determine Facebook's dependency: planning activities on Facebook, a strong drive to spend more and more time on the platform, using Facebook as a distraction of problems, unsuccessful attempts to spend less time on Facebook as well as negative influences on professional performance. The evaluation of these criteria takes place over five stages of? Very rare? until? very often ?.

For the surveyed students, the result was: Well-organized, motivated and conscientious individuals tend not to become addicted to Facebook. Shy and timid people, on the other hand. They find it easier to open up on the Internet, so they can compensate for social deficits, Cecilie Schou Andreassen suspects. "The results also show that women are more likely to become addicted to Facebook. Probably because of the social nature of the platform ?, said the psychologist. Extroverted and narcissistic students also showed higher dependency. They mainly use the platform to represent themselves.
As with other Internet usages, is the daily rhythm of Facebook junkies shifting? They go to bed later and are therefore later on.

In addition to these expected results, the study also holds a surprise: subjects who are particularly interested in fun and new, were not inclined to overuse of the social network. The assumption of the Norwegian researchers: For this population group Facebook is nothing new anymore? and has lost its importance again. display

According to Andreassen and her colleagues, the? Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale? for both clinical and health studies.

Cecilie Schou Andreassen (University of Bergen) et al .: Psychological Reports, doi: 10.2466 / 02.09.18.PR0.110.2.501-517 © Marion Martin


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