423 students, including 227 women and 196 men, shared their Facebook usage and participated in a personality test using the five-factor model, as well as a test that focuses on motivation.
Based on the results, the researchers identified six criteria that can be used to determine Facebook's dependency: planning activities on Facebook, a strong drive to spend more and more time on the platform, using Facebook as a distraction of problems, unsuccessful attempts to spend less time on Facebook as well as negative influences on professional performance. The evaluation of these criteria takes place over five stages of? Very rare? until? very often ?.
For the surveyed students, the result was: Well-organized, motivated and conscientious individuals tend not to become addicted to Facebook. Shy and timid people, on the other hand. They find it easier to open up on the Internet, so they can compensate for social deficits, Cecilie Schou Andreassen suspects. "The results also show that women are more likely to become addicted to Facebook. Probably because of the social nature of the platform ?, said the psychologist. Extroverted and narcissistic students also showed higher dependency. They mainly use the platform to represent themselves.
As with other Internet usages, is the daily rhythm of Facebook junkies shifting? They go to bed later and are therefore later on.
In addition to these expected results, the study also holds a surprise: subjects who are particularly interested in fun and new, were not inclined to overuse of the social network. The assumption of the Norwegian researchers: For this population group Facebook is nothing new anymore? and has lost its importance again. display
According to Andreassen and her colleagues, the? Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale? for both clinical and health studies.Cecilie Schou Andreassen (University of Bergen) et al .: Psychological Reports, doi: 10.2466 / 02.09.18.PR0.110.2.501-517 © wissenschaft.de? Marion Martin