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To a very unusual program point gathered on January 30 of the year 9 v. The population of Rome on the occasion of the birthday of the Roman Empress Livia: the priests of the city were to dedicate a peace altar - the Ara Pacis Augustae. Four years earlier, in July of the year 13 BC. The Senate had decided this consecration and let the most beautiful marble come from the quarries of Carrara. At that time, Emperor Augustus had returned victorious from his campaign in Gaul. Now peace should finally come to Rome. For decades, civil wars had split the city. The armies of Rome were under different commanders, such as Caesar and Pompey, almost only marched against each other. Only Augustus had been able to change that, though at a certain price: the old Roman Republic had become a monarchy. But that's exactly what Augustus tried to disguise. Officially, the republic still existed, led by the princeps, the first, Augustus. Also the picture program of the Ara Pacis, which shows two pageants, refers to it: old republican virtues are referred to the family of the emperor. On the whole, the impression of the "golden age" that began with Augustus in Rome should be conveyed. And indeed, there was hardly a time in Roman history that was more peaceful than this. Art and literature reached unimagined heights that we can still follow today on the Ara Pacis.


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