In addition, the living conditions in the southern winter quarters are often not ideal for the feathered winter guests. Many birds are already living here all year round, so migratory birds must compete with local species for food and habitat. European summer, on the other hand, offers almost paradisiacal living conditions: while heat and drought gather in some winter quarters, there is plenty of food and nesting sites in the summer months of the north. About 200 European bird species are therefore commuters - the winter quarters is only their last resort.
Incidentally, even Germany is a wintering country for migratory birds. "For example, the Waxwing, who lives in Scandinavia and Siberia in the summer, spends the winter with us until it pulls it back into the far north, " says Heiermann. Birds are not keen on traveling - if it does, some species may even avoid the long journey. "The star, for example, is such a part-puller who adapts his train behavior to the circumstances, " says the expert. Some star populations do not fly south in the winter, but instead move to our cities, where they also find food, warmth and cozy quarters.© dapd / science.de? Martin Vieweg advertisement